Tribal motor vehicle injury prevention programs for reducing disparities in motor vehicle-related injuries

MMWR Suppl. 2014 Apr 18;63(1):28-33.


A previous analysis of National Vital Statistics System data for 2003-2007 that examined disparities in rates of motor vehicle-related death by race/ethnicity and sex found that death rates for American Indians/Alaska Natives were two to four times the rates of other races/ethnicities. To address the disparity in motor vehicle-related injuries and deaths among American Indians/Alaska Natives, CDC funded four American Indian tribes during 2004-2009 to tailor, implement, and evaluate evidence-based road safety interventions. During the implementation of these four motor vehicle-related injury prevention pilot programs, seat belt and child safety seat use increased and alcohol-impaired driving decreased. Four American Indian/Alaska Native tribal communities-the Tohono O'odham Nation, the Ho-Chunk Nation, the White Mountain Apache Tribe, and the San Carlos Apache Tribe-implemented evidence-based road safety interventions to reduce motor vehicle-related injuries and deaths. Each community selected interventions from the Guide to Community Preventive Services and implemented them during 2004-2009. Furthermore, each community took a multifaceted approach by incorporating several strategies, such as school and community education programs, media campaigns, and collaborations with law enforcement officers into their programs. Police data and direct observational surveys were the main data sources used to assess results of the programs. Results included increased use of seat belts and child safety seats, increased enforcement of alcohol-impaired driving laws, and decreased motor vehicle crashes involving injuries or deaths. CDC's Office of Minority Health and Health Equity selected the intervention analysis and discussion as an example of a program that might be effective for reducing motor vehicle-related injury disparities in the United States. The Guide to Community Preventive Services recognizes these selected interventions as effective; this report examines the feasibility and transferability for implementing the interventions in American Indian/Alaska Native tribal communities. The findings in this report underscore the effectiveness of community interventions to reduce motor vehicle crashes among selected American Indian/Alaska Native communities.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / mortality
  • Accidents, Traffic / statistics & numerical data*
  • Alcohol Drinking / ethnology
  • Alcohol Drinking / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Alcohol Drinking / prevention & control
  • Arizona / epidemiology
  • Automobile Driving / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.
  • Child Restraint Systems / statistics & numerical data
  • Health Status Disparities*
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American / psychology
  • Indians, North American / statistics & numerical data*
  • Law Enforcement
  • Pilot Projects
  • Program Evaluation
  • Seat Belts / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Seat Belts / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Wisconsin / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / ethnology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / etiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*