Neurobrucellosis mimicking multiple sclerosis: a case report

Eur Neurol. 1989;29(4):238-40. doi: 10.1159/000116419.


A case of neurobrucellosis misdiagnosed at the onset as multiple sclerosis (MS) is presented. Magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple periventricular areas compatible with demyelinating lesions of possible vasculitic origin. Myelin basic protein was elevated in the CSF. The immunological CSF study was consistent with a chronic intrathecal inflammatory process. The modification of these parameters during specific treatment is also presented.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Brain Diseases / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Brain Diseases / diagnosis
  • Brain Diseases / microbiology*
  • Brucellosis / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Brucellosis / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Multiple Sclerosis / diagnosis*
  • Myelin Basic Protein / cerebrospinal fluid


  • Myelin Basic Protein