West Nile virus reemergence in Romania: a serologic survey in host species

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2014 May;14(5):330-7. doi: 10.1089/vbz.2013.1405. Epub 2014 Apr 18.


The presence of West Nile virus (WNV) in humans has been known in Romania since the 1950s; the 1996 epidemics emphasized the reemergence potential of WNV in Romania. Serological surveys made on susceptible species, known as good sentinels or reservoir hosts, e.g., horses, wild and domestic birds were undertaken from 2006-2011. Our results corroborated incidence data in human patients and other recent seroprevalence studies in animals, and should partially clarify the emergence of WNV in the eastern rural territories of Romania. It also highlighted risk zones for endemic WNV infection in Romania.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood*
  • Bird Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Bird Diseases / virology
  • Birds
  • Disease Reservoirs
  • Epidemiological Monitoring
  • Geography
  • Horse Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Horse Diseases / virology
  • Horses
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Romania / epidemiology
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Species Specificity
  • West Nile Fever / epidemiology*
  • West Nile Fever / virology
  • West Nile virus / immunology*
  • West Nile virus / isolation & purification
  • Zoonoses


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin G