Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2014 Jul;25:93-6.
doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.03.020. Epub 2014 Apr 16.

Vibrio Cholerae O1 Ogawa El Tor Strains With the ctxB7 Allele Driving Cholera Outbreaks in South-Western India in 2012

Affiliations

Vibrio Cholerae O1 Ogawa El Tor Strains With the ctxB7 Allele Driving Cholera Outbreaks in South-Western India in 2012

P Kumar et al. Infect Genet Evol. .

Abstract

Cholera has been a recurrent epidemic disease in human populations for the past 200years. We present herein a comparative characterization of clinical Vibrio cholerae strains isolated from two consecutive cholera outbreaks in 2012 and associated environmental strains from western India. The clinical and toxigenic environmental isolates were identified as hybrid V. cholerae O1, serotype Ogawa, biotype El Tor carrying the variant ctxB7 allele. Partial sequences of SXT integrase from the isolates revealed 100% identity to ICEVchInd5 (Sevagram, India, 1994) and VC1786ICE (Haiti, 2013). The full clonal relationship of the strains established by RAPD, Box PCR, ERIC PCR and MLST (pyrH, recA and rpoA) analyses, and the short time between the two outbreaks, strongly supported that both outbreaks were due to a single strain. The study corroborated that faecal contamination of the potable water supply was the main reason for the first outbreak, which further spread to other areas and resulted in the second outbreak. The study concluded that the circulating El Tor variant strains of epidemic potential in the region can be a serious concern in the future.

Keywords: Cholera; El Tor variant biotype; MLST; Outbreak; Vibrio cholerae; ctxB7.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback