Impact of introducing practical obstetric multi-professional training (PROMPT) into maternity units in Victoria, Australia

BJOG. 2014 Dec;121(13):1710-8. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.12767. Epub 2014 Apr 21.


Objective: To assess the introduction of Practical Obstetric Multi-professional Training (PROMPT) into maternity units and evaluate effects on organisational culture and perinatal outcomes.

Design: A retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Maternity units in eight public hospitals in metropolitan and regional Victoria, Australia.

Population: Staff in eight maternity units and a total of 43,408 babies born between July 2008 and December 2011.

Methods: Representatives from eight Victorian hospitals underwent a single day of training (Train the Trainer), to conduct PROMPT. Organisational culture was compared before and after PROMPT. Clinical outcomes were evaluated before, during and after PROMPT.

Main outcome measures: The number of courses run and the proportion of staff trained were determined. Organisational culture was measured using the Safety Attitude Questionnaire. Clinical measures included Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes (Apgar 1 and Apgar 5), cord lactate, blood loss and length of baby's stay in hospital.

Results: Seven of the eight hospitals conducted PROMPT. Overall about 50% of staff were trained in each year of the study. Significant increases were found in Safety Attitude Questionnaire scores representing domains of teamwork (Hedges' g 0.27, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.13-0.41), safety (Hedges' g 0.28, 95% CI 0.15-0.42) and perception of management (Hedges' g 0.17, 95% CI 0.04-0.31). There were significant improvements in Apgar 1 (OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.77-0.91), cord lactates (odds ratio 0.92, 95% CI 0.85-0.99) and average length of baby's stay in hospital (Hedges' g 0.03, 95% CI 0.01-0.05) during or after training, but no change in Apgar 5 scores or proportion of cases with high blood loss.

Conclusion: PROMPT can be introduced using the Train the Trainer model. Improvements in organisational culture and some clinical measures were observed following PROMPT.

Keywords: Maternity; PROMPT; multi-professional training; pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apgar Score
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Delivery Rooms*
  • Female
  • Fetal Blood / chemistry
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Inservice Training / methods*
  • Lactates / blood
  • Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*
  • Patient Safety*
  • Perinatal Care / standards*
  • Postpartum Hemorrhage / epidemiology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Victoria


  • Lactates