Impairments in experience-dependent scaling and stability of hippocampal place fields limit spatial learning in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

Hippocampus. 2014 Aug;24(8):963-78. doi: 10.1002/hipo.22283. Epub 2014 May 5.


Impaired spatial memory characterizes many mouse models for Alzheimer's disease, but we understand little about how this trait arises. Here, we use a transgenic model of amyloidosis to examine the relationship between behavioral performance in tests of spatial navigation and the function of hippocampal place cells. We find that amyloid precursor protein (APP) mice require considerably more training than controls to reach the same level of performance in a water maze task, and recall the trained location less well 24 h later. At a single cell level, place fields from control mice become more stable and spatially restricted with repeated exposure to a new environment, while those in APP mice improve less over time, ultimately producing a spatial code of lower resolution, accuracy, and reliability than controls. The limited refinement of place fields in APP mice likely contributes to their delayed water maze acquisition, and provides evidence for circuit dysfunction underlying cognitive impairment.

Keywords: CA1; amyloid; cognitive decline; hippocampal place cell; spatial tuning.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Amyloidosis / physiopathology*
  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • Environment
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Maze Learning / physiology
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Spatial Learning / physiology*
  • Spatial Navigation / physiology*