Thrombocytosis and coagulation systems activation are commonly associated with disease progression and are suggested poor prognostic factors in patients with malignancies. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of thrombocytosis and elevated fibrinogen levels in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Initial platelet counts and fibrinogen levels were reviewed in 854 patients with histologically proven NSCLC. Thrombocytosis was defined as platelet counts > 450 × 10(9)/L. A serum fibrinogen level > 4.5 g/L was considered high. At the time of diagnosis, initial platelet counts and serum fibrinogen levels were evaluated before treatment. Clinicopathologic data including histological type, tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage, performance status, treatment method, and survival time were evaluated. Initial thrombocytosis was found in 6.9% of patients, and elevated fibrinogen levels were found in 55.1% of patients. Patients with thrombocytosis had a significantly poorer prognosis than patients with normal platelet counts (P < 0.001). In multivariate survival analysis, thrombocytosis was an independent prognostic factor (P < 0.001). An elevated serum fibrinogen level was associated with poor prognosis (P < 0.001). In conclusion, initial thrombocytosis and a high fibrinogen level are independent factors for predicting poor prognosis in patients with advanced NSCLC.
Keywords: Carcinoma Non-Small Cell Lung; Fibrinogen; Prognosis; Thrombocytosis.