Coaxial flow focusing in poly(dimethylsiloxane) microfluidic devices

Biomicrofluidics. 2014 Feb 3;8(1):016502. doi: 10.1063/1.4863576. eCollection 2014 Jan.


We have developed a coaxial flow focusing geometry that can be fabricated using soft lithography in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS). Like coaxial flow focusing in glass capillary microfluidics, our geometry can form double emulsions in channels with uniform wettability and of a size much smaller than the channel dimensions. However, In contrast to glass capillary coaxial flow focusing, our geometry can be fabricated using lithographic techniques, allowing it to be integrated as the drop making unit in parallel drop maker arrays. Our geometry enables scalable formation of emulsions down 7 μm in diameter, in large channels that are robust against fouling and clogging.