Lessons Learned From Implementing a Novel Feeding Protocol: Results of a Multicenter Evaluation of Educational Strategies

Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Aug;29(4):510-517. doi: 10.1177/0884533614531047. Epub 2014 Apr 22.


Background: This study describes the results of an evaluation of educational strategies used to implement a novel enteral feeding protocol in 9 North American intensive care units (ICUs). Materials and Methods: Members of the protocol implementation teams at each ICU distributed a questionnaire to ICU nurses after the implementation of the Enhanced Protein-Energy Provision via the Enteral Route Feeding Protocol in Critically Ill Patients (PEP uP) protocol. Eight different educational strategies were evaluated. Questionnaires were distributed in both paper and electronic format to all nursing staff and used both a visual analog Likert-type scale and open-ended questions. Results: The response rate to the questionnaire was 166 of 434 or 38.2%. More than 70% of respondents rated 5 of the educational strategies as very useful or somewhat useful, including the long PowerPoint presentation at in-services and critical care rounds, the short PowerPoint presentation for 1-on-1 and group bedside teaching, and a self-learning module. The percentage of nurses who found the bedside protocol tools of the enteral feeding order set, gastric feeding flowchart, and volume-based feeding schedule either "very easy" or "somewhat easy" to use were 64.0%, 60.5%, and 59.1%, respectively. Conclusion: The use of multiple teaching formats, including the long and short PowerPoint presentations and self-teaching module, appeared to meet the learning needs of most of the group. The majority of the bedside tools developed to facilitate the implementation of the PEP uP protocol were considered easy to use.

Keywords: clinical protocols; education; education research; enteral nutrition; questionnaires.