Microfibril-associated glycoprotein-1 controls human ciliary zonule development in vitro

Acta Histochem Cytochem. 2014 Feb 27;47(1):11-7. doi: 10.1267/ahc.13038. Epub 2014 Feb 18.

Abstract

The ciliary zonule in the eye, also known as Zinn's zonule, is composed of oxytalan fibers, which are bundles of microfibrils consisting mainly of fibrillin-1. However, it is still unclear which of the microfibril-associated molecules present in the ciliary zonule controls oxytalan fibers. Microfibril-associated glycoprotein-1 (MAGP-1) is the only microfibril-associated molecule identified in the human ciliary zonule. In the present study, we used siRNA against MAGP-1 in cultures of human non-pigmented ciliary epithelial cells to examine the extracellular deposition and appearance of fibrillin-1 employing Western blotting and immunofluorescence. MAGP-1 suppression led to a reduction of fibrillin-1 deposition. Immunofluorescence also confirmed that RNAi-mediated down-regulation of MAGP-1 led to suppression of fiber development. These results suggest that MAGP-1 plays a crucial role in the extracellular deposition of fibrillin-1 during formation of the human ciliary zonule.

Keywords: MAGP-1; ciliary zonule; fibrillin; microfibrils; oxytalan fibers.