Stress--its effects on health and behavior: a guide for practitioners

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2014 May;44(3):525-41. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2014.01.005. Epub 2014 Mar 12.


Stressors impact on all areas of a pet's life, potentially to the detriment of their well-being. In addition, should this lead to behavior change, it is likely to cause strain in the owner-pet relationship with an increased risk of relinquishment. Understanding why events may be perceived as stressful to a given individual is essential in remedying their effect. Clinicians need to be skilled in recognizing and categorizing potential stressors as well as auditing the background stress in the animal's environment as only once this has been accomplished can specific measures be implemented to reduce the effects of the stress load.

Keywords: Arousal; Behavior; Emotions; Health; Stress; Stress audit.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal / physiology*
  • Cats*
  • Dogs*
  • Stress, Physiological*