Broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies define a glycan-dependent epitope on the prefusion conformation of gp41 on cleaved envelope trimers

Immunity. 2014 May 15;40(5):657-68. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2014.04.009. Epub 2014 Apr 24.


Broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies are much sought after (a) to guide vaccine design, both as templates and as indicators of the authenticity of vaccine candidates, (b) to assist in structural studies, and (c) to serve as potential therapeutics. However, the number of targets on the viral envelope spike for such antibodies has been limited. Here, we describe a set of human monoclonal antibodies that define what is, to the best of our knowledge, a previously undefined target on HIV Env. The antibodies recognize a glycan-dependent epitope on the prefusion conformation of gp41 and unambiguously distinguish cleaved from uncleaved Env trimers, an important property given increasing evidence that cleavage is required for vaccine candidates that seek to mimic the functional HIV envelope spike. The availability of this set of antibodies expands the number of vaccine targets on HIV and provides reagents to characterize the native envelope spike.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Neutralizing / immunology*
  • Cell Line
  • Epitopes / immunology
  • HEK293 Cells
  • HIV Antibodies / immunology*
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120 / immunology
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp41 / immunology*
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp41 / metabolism
  • HIV Infections / immunology
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control
  • HIV-1 / immunology
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polysaccharides / immunology


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Neutralizing
  • Epitopes
  • HIV Antibodies
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • HIV Envelope Protein gp41
  • Polysaccharides
  • gp41 protein, Human immunodeficiency virus 1

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KJ700282
  • GENBANK/KJ700283
  • GENBANK/KJ700284
  • GENBANK/KJ700285
  • GENBANK/KJ700286
  • GENBANK/KJ700287
  • GENBANK/KJ700288
  • GENBANK/KJ700289
  • GENBANK/KJ700290
  • GENBANK/KJ700291
  • GENBANK/KJ700292
  • GENBANK/KJ700293
  • GENBANK/KJ700294
  • GENBANK/KJ700295
  • GENBANK/KJ700296
  • GENBANK/KJ700297