Translation strategy for the qualification of drug-induced vascular injury biomarkers

Toxicol Pathol. 2014 Jun;42(4):658-71. doi: 10.1177/0192623314527644. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

Abstract

Drug-induced vascular injury (DIVI) is a common preclinical toxicity usually characterized by hemorrhage, vascular endothelial and smooth muscle damage, and inflammation. DIVI findings can cause delays or termination of drug candidates due to low safety margins. The situation is complicated by the absence of sensitive, noninvasive biomarkers for monitoring vascular injury and the uncertain relevance to humans. The Safer And Faster Evidence-based Translation (SAFE-T) consortium is a public-private partnership funded within the European Commission's Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) aiming to accelerate drug development by qualifying biomarkers for drug-induced organ injuries, including DIVI. The group is using patients with vascular diseases that have key histomorphologic features (endothelial damage, smooth muscle damage, and inflammation) in common with those observed in DIVI, and has selected candidate biomarkers associated with these features. Studied populations include healthy volunteers, patients with spontaneous vasculitides and other vascular disorders. Initial results from studies with healthy volunteers and patients with vasculitides show that a panel of biomarkers can successfully discriminate the population groups. The SAFE-T group plans to seek endorsement from health authorities (European Medicines Agency and Food and Drug Administration) to qualify the biomarkers for use in regulatory decision-making processes.

Keywords: arteritis; biomarker; inflammation; translation.; vascular injury.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • Decision Making
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Endothelium, Vascular / pathology
  • Europe
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Smooth / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth / pathology
  • Public-Private Sector Partnerships
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Translational Medical Research
  • United States
  • United States Food and Drug Administration
  • Vascular System Injuries / chemically induced*
  • Vascular System Injuries / pathology*

Substances

  • Biomarkers