Field-effect transistors built from all two-dimensional material components

ACS Nano. 2014 Jun 24;8(6):6259-64. doi: 10.1021/nn501723y. Epub 2014 May 7.


We demonstrate field-effect transistors using heterogeneously stacked two-dimensional materials for all of the components, including the semiconductor, insulator, and metal layers. Specifically, MoS2 is used as the active channel material, hexagonal-BN as the top-gate dielectric, and graphene as the source/drain and the top-gate contacts. This transistor exhibits n-type behavior with an ON/OFF current ratio of >10(6), and an electron mobility of ∼33 cm(2)/V·s. Uniquely, the mobility does not degrade at high gate voltages, presenting an important advantage over conventional Si transistors where enhanced surface roughness scattering severely reduces carrier mobilities at high gate-fields. A WSe2-MoS2 diode with graphene contacts is also demonstrated. The diode exhibits excellent rectification behavior and a low reverse bias current, suggesting high quality interfaces between the stacked layers. In this work, all interfaces are based on van der Waals bonding, presenting a unique device architecture where crystalline, layered materials with atomically uniform thicknesses are stacked on demand, without the lattice parameter constraints. The results demonstrate the promise of using an all-layered material system for future electronic applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.