The effect of different implant-abutment connections on screw joint stability

J Oral Implantol. 2014 Apr;40(2):146-52. doi: 10.1563/AAID-JOI-D-11-00032.

Abstract

Dental implants with an internal connection have been designed to establish a better stress distribution when lateral external forces act on the prosthesis and minimize the forces transmitted to the fastening screw. In the present study, 10 externally and 10 internally hexed implants were tested with a compressive force applied with an Instron Universal machine. Four cycles of loading-unloading were applied to each specimen to achieve displacements of 0.5, 1, 2, and 2.5 mm. The mean loads for the first cycle were 256.70 N for the external connection and 256 N for the internal connection implants. The independent t test did not reveal any significant differences among the 2 tested groups (P = .780). For the second cycle, the mean loads needed for a displacement of 1 mm were 818.19 N and 780.20 N for the external connection and the internal connection implants, respectively. The independent t test revealed significant differences among the 2 tested groups (P < .001). In the third cycle, the mean load values for a 2-mm displacement were 1394.10 N and 1225.00 N. The independent t test revealed significant differences among the 2 tested groups (P < .001). The mean loads for the fourth cycle were 1488.00 N for the external connection and 1029.00 N for the internal connection implants. These loads were required for a displacement of 2.5 mm. The independent t test revealed significant differences among the 2 tested groups (P < .001). The results of this in vitro study suggest that the internal connection design of the examined implant system could not prevent screw loosening during overloading. No implant or prosthesis failure was noticed in either group.

MeSH terms

  • Chromium Alloys / chemistry
  • Crowns
  • Dental Alloys / chemistry
  • Dental Implant-Abutment Design*
  • Dental Implants
  • Dental Prosthesis Design
  • Dental Prosthesis Retention*
  • Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported
  • Dental Restoration Failure
  • Dental Stress Analysis / instrumentation
  • Humans
  • Materials Testing
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate / chemistry
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Titanium / chemistry

Substances

  • Chromium Alloys
  • Dental Alloys
  • Dental Implants
  • titanium alloy (TiAl6V4)
  • Polymethyl Methacrylate
  • Titanium