Role of mouthguards in reducing mild traumatic brain injury/concussion incidence in high school football athletes

Gen Dent. May-Jun 2014;62(3):34-8.

Abstract

There is continued speculation on the value of mouthguards (MGs) in preventing mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI)/concussion injuries. The purpose of this randomized prospective study was to compare the impact of pressure-laminated (LM), custom-made, properly fitted MGs to over-the-counter (OTC) MGs on the MTBI/concussion incidence in high school football athletes over a season of play. Four hundred twelve players from 6 high school football teams were included in the study. Twenty-four MTBI/concussion injuries (5.8%) were recorded. When examining the MTBI/concussion injury rate by MG type, there was a significant difference (P = 0.0423) with incidence rates of 3.6% and 8.3% in the LM MG and OTC MG groups, respectively.

Keywords: concussion injuries; custom-made properly fitted mouthguards; football athletes; mild traumatic brain injuries; over-the-counter mouthguards.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Brain Concussion / epidemiology
  • Brain Concussion / prevention & control*
  • Brain Injuries / epidemiology
  • Brain Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Football / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Mouth Protectors*
  • Schools