Epidemiology of foot and ankle fractures in the United States: an analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank (2007 to 2011)

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2014 Sep-Oct;53(5):606-8. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2014.03.011. Epub 2014 Apr 29.


Understanding the epidemiology of foot and ankle trauma could be useful in health services research and for policy makers. It can also define practice patterns. Using the National Trauma Data Bank data set from 2007 to 2011, we analyzed the frequency and proportion of each fracture in the foot and ankle in major trauma hospitals in the United States. A total of 280,933 foot and/or ankle fractures or dislocations were identified. Although oversampling of more severe trauma in younger patients might have occurred owing to the nature of the data set, we found that the most common fractures in the foot and ankle were ankle fractures. Midfoot fractures were the least common among all the foot and ankle fractures when categorized by anatomic location. Approximately 20% of all foot and ankle fractures were open.

Keywords: open fracture; prevalence; proportion; registry; trauma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Ankle Fractures / epidemiology*
  • Ankle Injuries / epidemiology
  • Databases, Factual / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Foot Bones / injuries
  • Foot Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Foot Joints / injuries
  • Fractures, Bone / epidemiology
  • Fractures, Open / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Joint Dislocations / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Young Adult