Efficient broadband 400 nm noncollinear second-harmonic generation of chirped femtosecond laser pulses in BBO and LBO

Appl Opt. 2014 Apr 20;53(12):2646-55. doi: 10.1364/AO.53.002646.

Abstract

We report on 400 nm broadband type I frequency doubling in a noncollinear geometry with pulse-front-tilted and chirped femtosecond pulses (λ =800 nm; Fourier transform limited pulse duration, 45 fs). With moderate power densities (2 to 10 GW/cm2) thus avoiding higher-order nonlinear phenomena, the energy conversion efficiency was up to 65%. Second-harmonic pulses of Fourier transform limited pulse duration shorter than the fundamental wave were generated, exhibiting good beam quality and no pulse-front tilt. High energy (20 mJ/pulse) was produced in a 40 mm diameter and 6 mm thick LBO crystal. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of this optical configuration with sub-100-fs pulses. Good agreement between experimental results and simulations is obtained.