Reducing the modifiable risks of cardiovascular disease in Turkish patients with type 2 diabetes: the effectiveness of training

Clin Nurs Res. 2015 Jun;24(3):299-317. doi: 10.1177/1054773814531288. Epub 2014 Apr 29.


Our goal was to reduce the number of modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) through providing lifestyle adjustment training and counseling to patients with type 2 diabetes. In this pre-post intervention study, 139 patients with diabetes were provided with training to reduce the modifiable risks of CVD. One hundred three patients attended the post-training evaluation. Two phone counseling sessions were provided with 1-month intervals. Consumption of red meat and processed food decreased and water consumption, carrying on the recommended diet, and the frequency of exercise increased (p = .000), A1C decreased (p = .05), and the use of aspirin increased (p = .03). Thus, a contribution to the reduction of CVD risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes was achieved. The training program for reducing CVD risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes was effective in improving nutrition and lifestyle behaviors and decreasing glycemic control.

Keywords: cardiovascular risk reduction; promote lifestyle activity; training; type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Risk Factors
  • Turkey / epidemiology
  • Young Adult