Long-term viremia and fecal shedding in pups after modified-live canine parvovirus vaccination

Vaccine. 2014 Jun 24;32(30):3850-3. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.04.050. Epub 2014 Apr 30.


Canine parvovirus (CPV) modified live virus vaccines are able to infect vaccinated dogs replicating in the bloodstream and enteric mucosa. However, the exact duration and extent of CPV vaccine-induced viremia and fecal shedding are not known. With the aim to fill this gap, 26 dogs were administered two commercial vaccines containing a CPV-2 or CPV-2b strain and monitored for 28 days after vaccination. By using real-time PCR, vaccine-induced viremia and shedding were found to be long lasting for both vaccinal strains. Vaccinal CPV-2b shedding was detected for a shorter period than CPV-2 (12 against 19 mean days) but with greater viral loads, whereas viremia occurred for a longer period (22 against 19 mean days) and with higher titers for CPV-2b. Seroconversion appeared as early as 7 and 14 days post-vaccination for CPV-2b and CPV-2 vaccines, respectively. With no vaccine there was any diagnostic interference using in-clinic or hemagglutination test, since positive results were obtained only by fecal real-time PCR testing. The present study adds new insights into the CPV vaccine persistence in the organism and possible interference with diagnostic tests.

Keywords: Canine parvovirus; Vaccination; Viremia; Virus shedding.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral / blood
  • DNA, Viral / isolation & purification
  • Dog Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Dogs
  • Feces / virology
  • Female
  • Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests
  • Male
  • Parvoviridae Infections / prevention & control
  • Parvoviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Parvovirus, Canine
  • Vaccination / veterinary
  • Vaccines, Attenuated / administration & dosage
  • Viral Load
  • Viral Vaccines / administration & dosage*
  • Viremia / diagnosis*
  • Virus Shedding*


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • DNA, Viral
  • Vaccines, Attenuated
  • Viral Vaccines