Objectives: MicroRNAs(miRNAs) play important roles in tumor development and progression. The purposes of this study were to investigate the role of miR-31 in cervical cancer and clarified the regulation of ARID1A by miR-31.
Methods: Quantitative RT-PCR was used to examine miR-31 expression in cervical cancer cell lines and patient specimens. The clinicopathological significance of miR-31 upregulation was further analyzed. The MTT, colony formation, apoptosis, cell cycle, wound healing and Transwell invasion assays, and a xenograft model were performed. A luciferase reporter assay was conducted to confirm the target gene of miR-31, and the results were validated in cell lines and patient specimens.
Results: MiR-31 was significantly up-regulated in cervical cancer cell lines and clinical tissues. The high miR-31 level was significantly correlated with higher FIGO stage, node metastasis, vascular involvement and deep stromal invasion. Patients with high expression of miR-31 had poorer overall survival than patients with low expression. MiR-31 was an independent prognostic factor in cervical cancer in multivariate Cox regression analysis. Down-regulation of miR-31 impaired cell proliferation, colony formation, and cell migration and invasion in vitro, and inhibited xenograft tumor growth in vivo. ARID1A was verified as a direct target of miR-31, which was further confirmed by the inverse expression of miR-31 and ARID1A in patient specimens.
Conclusions: The newly identified miR-31/ARID1A pathway provides insight into cervical cancer progression, and may represent a novel therapeutic target.
Keywords: ARID1A; Cell metastasis; Cell proliferation; Cervical cancer; miR-31.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.