Curcumin and its two related compounds, that is, demethoxycurcumin and bis-demethoxycurcumin (curcuminoids) are the main secondary metabolites of Curcuma longa and other Curcuma spp. Curcumin is commonly used as coloring agent as well as food additive; curcumin has also shown some therapeutic activities. This review summarizes stability of curcumin in solutions, spectroscopy characteristics of curcumin (UV, IR, Raman, MS, and NMR), polymorphism forms, method of analysis in both of biological and nonbiological samples, and metabolite studies of curcumin. For analysis of curcumin and its related compounds in complex matrices, application of LC-MS/MS is recommended.
Keywords: Analysis; Chromatography; Curcuma spp.; Curcumin; Metabolism; Polymorphism; Spectroscopy; Stability.
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.