Somatostatin blocks a calcium current in rat sympathetic ganglion neurones

J Physiol. 1989 Feb;409:221-40. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.1989.sp017494.

Abstract

1. The effects of somatostatin and somatostatin analogues on a Ca2+ current from acutely isolated and short-term (24-48 h) cultured adult rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) neurones were studied using the whole-cell variant of the patch-clamp technique. 2. [D-Trp8]Somatostatin (SOM) produced a rapid, reversible and concentration-dependent reduction of the Ca2+ current. Ca2+ current amplitude was reduced over the voltage range -15 to +40 mV with the greatest reduction occurring where the amplitude was maximal (ca +10 mV). In the presence of SOM, the Ca2+ current rising phase was slower and biphasic at potentials between 0 and +40 mV. 3. Application of 0.1 microM-SOM for greater than 10 s resulted in a desensitization of the response. During a 4 min application of 0.1 microM-SOM, Ca2+ current amplitude returned to about 90% of control. A second application of 0.1 microM-SOM produced less block than the initial application. 4. Concentration-response curves for SOM, somatostatin-14 (SOM-14) and somatostatin-28 (SOM-28) were fitted to a single-site binding isotherm. The concentrations producing half-maximal block and the maximal attainable blocks of the Ca2+ current for SOM, SOM-14 and SOM-28 were 3.3, 5.4 and 35 nM, respectively and 55, 51 and 54%, respectively. SOM-14 and SOM-28 slowed the Ca2+ current rising phase in a manner similar to that of SOM. Somatostatin-28 had no effect on the Ca2+ current at 1 microM. 5. The magnitude of the Ca2+ current block produced by 0.1 microM-SOM was not significantly altered in the presence of 1 microM-idazoxan, atropine, naloxone or the somatostatin antagonist aminoheptanoyl-Phe-D-Trp-Lys-O-benzyl-Thr. 6. Internal dialysis with solutions containing 500 microM-guanylyl-imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p) or guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate)(GTP-gamma-S) decreased the Ca2+ current amplitude by 36 and 41%, respectively, and induced a biphasic rising phase in the Ca2+ current. Under these conditions, application of 0.1 microM-SOM produced significantly less block of Ca2+ current amplitude (7.1 and 14.7%, respectively) when compared with controls. 7. Internal dialysis with solutions containing 500 microM-guanosine-5'-O-(2-thiodiphosphate)(GDP-beta-S) had no significant effect on either the Ca2+ current amplitude or block produced by 0.1 microM-SOM. 8. Internal dialysis with solutions containing 500 microM-cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine had no significant effect on either the Ca2+ current block produced by 0.1 microM-SOM or the Ca2+ current amplitude.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine / pharmacology
  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Calcium / physiology*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels / drug effects*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Ganglia, Sympathetic / physiology*
  • Guanine Nucleotides / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Somatostatin / analogs & derivatives
  • Somatostatin / pharmacology*
  • Time Factors
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella / pharmacology

Substances

  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channels
  • Guanine Nucleotides
  • Virulence Factors, Bordetella
  • Somatostatin
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Calcium
  • 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine