Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative: a case study in multiscale modeling and new challenges

Annu Rev Chem Biomol Eng. 2014;5:301-23. doi: 10.1146/annurev-chembioeng-060713-040321. Epub 2014 Apr 10.


Advanced multiscale modeling and simulation have the potential to dramatically reduce the time and cost to develop new carbon capture technologies. The Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative is a partnership among national laboratories, industry, and universities that is developing, demonstrating, and deploying a suite of such tools, including basic data submodels, steady-state and dynamic process models, process optimization and uncertainty quantification tools, an advanced dynamic process control framework, high-resolution filtered computational-fluid-dynamics (CFD) submodels, validated high-fidelity device-scale CFD models with quantified uncertainty, and a risk-analysis framework. These tools and models enable basic data submodels, including thermodynamics and kinetics, to be used within detailed process models to synthesize and optimize a process. The resulting process informs the development of process control systems and more detailed simulations of potential equipment to improve the design and reduce scale-up risk. Quantification and propagation of uncertainty across scales is an essential part of these tools and models.

Keywords: computational fluid dynamics; optimization; process control; process synthesis; risk analysis; uncertainty quantification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Carbon Dioxide / isolation & purification*
  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Carbon Sequestration*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Thermodynamics


  • Carbon Dioxide