Virtual reality job interview training in adults with autism spectrum disorder

J Autism Dev Disord. 2014 Oct;44(10):2450-63. doi: 10.1007/s10803-014-2113-y.


The feasibility and efficacy of virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) was assessed in a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Adults with autism spectrum disorder were randomized to VR-JIT (n = 16) or treatment-as-usual (TAU) (n = 10) groups. VR-JIT consisted of simulated job interviews with a virtual character and didactic training. Participants attended 90 % of laboratory-based training sessions, found VR-JIT easy to use and enjoyable, and they felt prepared for future interviews. VR-JIT participants had greater improvement during live standardized job interview role-play performances than TAU participants (p = 0.046). A similar pattern was observed for self-reported self-confidence at a trend level (p = 0.060). VR-JIT simulation performance scores increased over time (R(2) = 0.83). Results indicate preliminary support for the feasibility and efficacy of VR-JIT, which can be administered using computer software or via the internet.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child Development Disorders, Pervasive / rehabilitation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Application*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Program Evaluation
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational / methods*
  • Self Concept
  • Single-Blind Method
  • User-Computer Interface*
  • Young Adult