Temporary hemodialysis catheters: recent advances

Kidney Int. 2014 Nov;86(5):888-95. doi: 10.1038/ki.2014.162. Epub 2014 May 7.


The insertion of non-tunneled temporary hemodialysis catheters (NTHCs) is a core procedure of nephrology practice. While urgent dialysis may be life-saving, mechanical and infectious complications related to the insertion of NTHCs can be fatal. In recent years, various techniques that reduce mechanical and infectious complications related to NTHCs have been described. Evidence now suggests that ultrasound guidance should be used for internal jugular and femoral vein NTHC insertions. The implementation of evidence-based infection-control 'bundles' for central venous catheter insertions has significantly reduced the incidence of bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit setting with important implications for how nephrologists should insert NTHCs. In addition, the Cathedia Study has provided the first high-level evidence about the optimal site of NTHC insertion, as it relates to the risk of infection and catheter dysfunction. Incorporating these evidence-based techniques into a simulation-based program for training nephrologists in NTHC insertion has been shown to be an effective way to improve the procedural skills of nephrology trainees. Nonetheless, there are some data suggesting nephrologists have been slow to adopt evidence-based practices surrounding NTHC insertion. This mini review focuses on techniques that reduce the complications of NTHCs and are relevant to the practice and training of nephrologists.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Catheter-Related Infections / etiology
  • Catheter-Related Infections / prevention & control
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / adverse effects
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / instrumentation*
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / methods
  • Catheterization, Central Venous / standards
  • Central Venous Catheters*
  • Certification
  • Clinical Competence
  • Device Removal
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Learning Curve
  • Nephrology / education
  • Nephrology / instrumentation*
  • Nephrology / methods
  • Nephrology / standards
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects
  • Renal Dialysis / instrumentation*
  • Renal Dialysis / methods
  • Renal Dialysis / standards
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional
  • Vascular System Injuries / etiology
  • Vascular System Injuries / prevention & control