Background: Common clinical practice recommends dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of the study was to evaluate, in a double blind randomized study, the safety of TAVI, with adjunctive pharmacotherapy consisting of single antiplatelet therapy.
Methods and results: From April 2010 to April 2011, 120 consecutive patients, undergoing TAVI, have been enrolled in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to DAPT group (aspirin and clopidogrel 75 mg/qd or ticlopidine 500 mg/bid) or ASA group (aspirin only). TAVI device was the Sapien XT-Novaflex Delivery System (Edwards Lifesciences, Inc.). All patients were followed up to 6 months. Device success was achieved in 100% of patients. No difference in the VARC combined 30 day safety endpoint, all cause and cardiovascular mortality was observed. At 30 days vascular complications were reduced in the ASA group (p<0.05). No differences in the clinical status were detected between the groups up to 6 months.
Conclusions: This study suggests that TAVI procedures can be performed without DAPT without increasing the morbidity and mortality. These findings, if confirmed in a larger multicenter randomized trial, will no longer support the use of DAPT for TAVI.
Keywords: Bleedings; DAPT; TAVI; Vascular complications.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.