Detection of Chemlali extra-virgin olive oil adulteration mixed with soybean oil, corn oil, and sunflower oil by using GC and HPLC

J Agric Food Chem. 2014 May 28;62(21):4893-904. doi: 10.1021/jf500571n. Epub 2014 May 15.


Fatty acid composition as an indicator of purity suggests that linolenic acid content could be used as a parameter for the detection of extra/virgin olive oil fraud with 5% of soybean oil. The adulteration could also be detected by the increase of the trans-fatty acid contents with 3% of soybean oil, 2% of corn oil, and 4% of sunflower oil. The use of the ΔECN42 proved to be effective in Chemlali extra-virgin olive oil adulteration even at low levels: 1% of sunflower oil, 3% of soybean oil, and 3% of corn oil. The sterol profile is almost decisive in clarifying the adulteration of olive oils with other cheaper ones: 1% of sunflower oil could be detected by the increase of Δ7-stigmastenol and 4% of corn oil by the increase of campesterol. Linear discriminant analysis could represent a powerful tool for faster and cheaper evaluation of extra-virgin olive oil adulteration.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Gas / methods*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Corn Oil / analysis*
  • Discriminant Analysis
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Olive Oil
  • Plant Oils / analysis*
  • Soybean Oil / analysis*
  • Sunflower Oil


  • Olive Oil
  • Plant Oils
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Soybean Oil
  • Corn Oil