Background & aims: After radiofrequency ablation (RFA), patients may experience recurrence of Barrett's esophagus (BE) after complete eradication of intestinal metaplasia (CEIM). Rates and predictors of recurrence after successful eradication have been poorly described.
Methods: We used the US RFA Registry, a nationwide registry of BE patients receiving RFA, to determine rates and factors that predicted recurrence of intestinal metaplasia (IM). We assessed recurrence by Kaplan-Meier analysis for the overall cohort and by worst pretreatment histology. Characteristics associated with recurrence were included in a logistic regression model to identify independent predictors.
Results: Among 5521 patients, 3728 had biopsies 12 months or more after initiation of RFA. Of these, 3169 (85%) achieved CEIM, and 1634 (30%) met inclusion criteria. The average follow-up period was 2.4 years after CEIM. IM recurred in 334 (20%) and was nondysplastic or indefinite for dysplasia in 86% (287 of 334); the average length of recurrent BE was 0.6 cm. In Kaplan-Meier analysis, more advanced pretreatment histology was associated with an increased yearly recurrence rate. Compared with patients without recurrence, patients with recurrence were more likely, based on bivariate analysis, to be older, have longer BE segments, be non-Caucasian, have dysplastic BE before treatment, and require more treatment sessions. In multivariate analysis, the likelihood for recurrence was associated with increasing age and BE length, and non-Caucasian race.
Conclusions: BE recurred in 20% of patients followed up for an average of 2.4 years after CEIM. Most recurrences were short segments and were nondysplastic or indefinite for dysplasia. Older age, non-Caucasian race, and increasing length of BE length were all risk factors. These risk factors should be considered when planning post-RFA surveillance intervals.
Keywords: Adenocarcinoma; EAC; Esophageal Cancer; Risk Factors.
Copyright © 2014 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.