Astragalus polysaccharide ameliorates ionizing radiation-induced oxidative stress in mice

Int J Biol Macromol. 2014 Jul;68:209-14. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 May 10.

Abstract

Radioprotective compounds from plant resources may represent safe and cost-effective prophylactic and therapeutic agents. This study was designed to investigate the protective effect of polysaccharide derived from the dried roots of the Astragalus spp. (APS) against ionizing radiation (IR) injury in liver and to explore its role in radiation-induced oxidative stress using a mouse model. Prior to (60)Co γ-irradiation (5Gy, single dose), mice received 7 days of APS at low, mid and high doses (50, 100 or 200mg/kg/day, respectively; n=6 each group), vehicle alone (5mL normal saline orally/daily; n=6). A non-irradiated control group (n=6) received the 7-day distilled water regimen only. At 24h post-irradiation, the APS pre-treated mice showed significantly decreased alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase levels, and NF-κB expression. All APS-treated mice also showed attenuation of the IR-induced increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substance and resolution of the IR-induced decreases in superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione activities (all p<0.05). High dose APS pre-treatment led to remarkably less morphologic features of IR-induced hepatic and pulmonary injury. Thus, APS exerts protective effects against IR-induced injury in liver in mice, and the related molecular mechanism may involve suppressing the radiation-induced oxidative stress reaction.

Keywords: Astragalus polysaccharide; Oxidative stress; Radiation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astragalus Plant / chemistry*
  • Biomarkers / blood
  • Liver / drug effects
  • Liver / pathology
  • Liver / radiation effects
  • Mice
  • Monosaccharides / analysis
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • Oxidative Stress / radiation effects*
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Radiation, Ionizing*
  • Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
  • Whole-Body Irradiation

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Monosaccharides
  • NF-kappa B
  • Polysaccharides