Progressive deterioration of pancreatic β-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) contributes to worsening of hyperglycaemia. To investigate the effects of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor linagliptin on β-cell function parameters, a pooled analysis of six randomized, 24-week, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trials of 5 mg of linagliptin daily was performed in 2701 patients with T2DM (linagliptin, n = 1905; placebo, n = 796). At week 24, observed improvements in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, and 2-h postprandial glucose were significantly greater for linagliptin than placebo (all p < 0.0001). Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA)-%β, as a surrogate marker of fasting β-cell function, was significantly improved with linagliptin, and did not change with placebo (placebo-adjusted mean ± s.e. change for linagliptin: 16.5 ± 4.6 (mU/l)/(mmol/l); p = 0.0003). Further study is required to determine if the significant improvement in HOMA-%β with linagliptin will translate into long-term improvements in β-cell function.
Keywords: DPP-IV inhibitor; beta cell; drug mechanism; glycaemic control; type 2 diabetes.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.