Acorus calamus (The Healing Plant): a review on its medicinal potential, micropropagation and conservation

Nat Prod Res. 2014;28(18):1454-66. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2014.915827. Epub 2014 May 13.


Acorus calamus L., a tall, perennial, grass-like monocot plant from the Acoraceae family, is a well-known plant in Indian traditional medicines for centuries. It is a highly valued herb as it acts as a rejuvenator for brain and nervous system. It is a main medhya drug, which has the property of improving the memory power and intellect. Rhizomes of the plant are widely used in the treatment of number of ailments such as epilepsy, mental ailments, chronic diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, abdominal tumours, kidney and liver troubles, and rheumatism. A. calamus leaves, rhizomes and its essential oil possess many biological activities such as antispasmodic, carminative and are compiled in a simple approach in this review. This review presents a pragmatic description that deals with chemical constituents, toxicology, ethnobotany and pharmacological properties of A. calamus for easy and better understanding of the outstanding medicinal potential of this very special plant and sirens for its conservation.

Keywords: Acorus calamus; anticarcinogenic; antimicrobial; conservation; pharmacological activities; phytoconstituents; toxicity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acorus / chemistry*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology
  • Brain Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Medicine, East Asian Traditional
  • Oils, Volatile / chemistry
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Plants, Medicinal / chemistry*
  • Rhizome / chemistry


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Oils, Volatile