Background: This phase II, open-label study investigated intercalated combinations of eribulin and erlotinib in unselected patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapies.
Patients and methods: Eligible patients were randomized to eribulin mesylate 2.0 mg/m(2) on day 1 with erlotinib 150 mg on days 2-16 (21-day regimen) or eribulin mesylate 1.4 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 with erlotinib 150 mg on days 15-28 (28-day regimen). The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR).
Results: One hundred and twenty-three patients received ≥ 1 cycle of therapy (63, 21-day regimen; 60, 28-day regimen). ORRs were 13% [95% confidence interval (CI) 6%-24%] and 17% (95% CI 8%-29%), and disease control rates were 48% (95% CI 35%-61%) and 63% (95% CI 50%-75%) for the 21- and 28-day regimens, respectively. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were similar with both regimens. Both regimens were well tolerated with common grade ≥ 3 toxicities being neutropenia, asthenia/fatigue, and dyspnoea. Sequential administration of erlotinib did not interfere with the pharmacokinetic profile of eribulin.
Conclusion: Intercalated combination of eribulin and erlotinib demonstrated modest activity and the addition of erlotinib did not appear to improve treatment outcome in an unselected population. The 28-day regimen is suitable for further investigation. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01104155.
Keywords: biomarker; eribulin; erlotinib; non-small-cell lung cancer; platinum-based doublet chemotherapy.
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