Anabolic-androgenic steroid use among Brazilian bodybuilders

Subst Use Misuse. 2014 Jul;49(9):1138-45. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2014.912062. Epub 2014 May 16.


This cross-sectional, quantitative, exploratory study investigated the prevalence and profile of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) users amongst a convenience sample of 510 bodybuilders from 52 gyms, in João Pessoa, Brazil, with a structured questionnaire containing selected questions about socioeconomic and training variables on the use of AAS. Data were analyzed using frequency and chi-square tests. AAS prevalence use was 20.6%; mostly young men (98.1%), of a low education level (46.7%), who trained for more than 4 years (49.5%). The use of AAS was related to the use of dietary supplements. About 81% of consumed AAS consisted of Deca-Durabolin, Winstrol, and Sustanon. Study's limitations are noted.

Keywords: anabolic agents; doping; fitness centers; resistance exercise; risk-taking behaviors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Androgens / administration & dosage*
  • Brazil
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Doping in Sports / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Weight Lifting
  • Young Adult


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Androgens