Cost effectiveness of external hip protectors in the hospital setting: a modeling study

Nurs Econ. 2014 Mar-Apr;32(2):89-98.


Chronic illnesses, for which many patients are admitted to hospitals, substantially increase the risk of falling, and hence the likelihood of incurring a hip fracture. Hip fractures not only have devastating consequences on an individual's quality of life but may also affect a hospital's reputation in the community. In addition, hospitals may face litigation claims and increased costs for patients who fall and suffer a major injury as a consequence. External hip protectors are comparable to padded undergarments and shield the trochanter, reducing the detrimental effects and force impacting the bone during a fall. Screening for patients at high risk of falling and providing high-risk patients with hip protectors as a preventive measure to avoid hip fractures, not only improves public health, but can also save hospitals care and litigation costs.

MeSH terms

  • Accidental Falls
  • Aged
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis*
  • Decision Trees
  • Economics, Hospital*
  • Hip Fractures / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Protective Devices*