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. 2014 Jun 4;82(5):1032-44.
doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.04.015. Epub 2014 May 15.

Auxiliary GABAB Receptor Subunits Uncouple G Protein βγ Subunits From Effector Channels to Induce Desensitization

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Auxiliary GABAB Receptor Subunits Uncouple G Protein βγ Subunits From Effector Channels to Induce Desensitization

Rostislav Turecek et al. Neuron. .
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Abstract

Activation of K(+) channels by the G protein βγ subunits is an important signaling mechanism of G-protein-coupled receptors. Typically, receptor-activated K(+) currents desensitize in the sustained presence of agonists to avoid excessive effects on cellular activity. The auxiliary GABAB receptor subunit KCTD12 induces fast and pronounced desensitization of the K(+) current response. Using proteomic and electrophysiological approaches, we now show that KCTD12-induced desensitization results from a dual interaction with the G protein: constitutive binding stabilizes the heterotrimeric G protein at the receptor, whereas dynamic binding to the receptor-activated Gβγ subunits induces desensitization by uncoupling Gβγ from the effector K(+) channel. While receptor-free KCTD12 desensitizes K(+) currents activated by other GPCRs in vitro, native KCTD12 is exclusively associated with GABAB receptors. Accordingly, genetic ablation of KCTD12 specifically alters GABAB responses in the brain. Our results show that GABAB receptors are endowed with fast and reversible desensitization by harnessing KCTD12 that intercepts Gβγ signaling.

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