The clinical impact of orthotic correction of lower limb rotational deformities in children with cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial

Clin Rehabil. 2014 Oct;28(10):1004-14. doi: 10.1177/0269215514533710. Epub 2014 May 16.


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a static ground reaction ankle foot orthosis and strapping system on improving gait parameters in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.

Setting: The current study was conducted at the physical therapy faculty of Cairo University, Egypt.

Subjects: This study included 57 children of both sexes, aged 6 to 8 years.

Study design: Three-armed randomized control trial.

Intervention: Participants in all groups received a traditional neuro-developmental physical therapy program that included standing and gait training exercises. Children in group A performed the training program without any orthotic management, in group B with the TheraTogs strapping system, and in group C with the TheraTogs strapping system and static ground reaction ankle foot orthoses. Children underwent treatment for two hours daily, except on weekends, for twelve successive weeks.

Main measure: Gait speed, cadence, stride length, and hip and knee flexion angles in the mid-stance phase were evaluated pre-and post-treatment using a three-dimensional motion analysis system (pre-reflex system).

Results: Statistically significant differences were recorded among the three groups post-treatment in gait speed, cadences, and stride length. The P-values for these variable differences were 0.03, 0.011, and 0.001 respectively. Significant post-treatment differences were also recorded for bilateral hip-and knee-flexion angles. For all measured parameters, better significant results were registered for group C than for the other groups.

Conclusion: Orthotic intervention composed of a static ground reaction ankle foot orthosis combined with the TheraTogs strapping system improves gait more than conventional treatment with or without TheraTogs in children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy; TheraTog™; ankle foot orthosis; femoral anteversion; tibial torsion.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Bone Anteversion / complications
  • Bone Anteversion / etiology
  • Bone Anteversion / rehabilitation*
  • Cerebral Palsy / complications
  • Cerebral Palsy / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Egypt
  • Female
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / complications
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / etiology
  • Gait Disorders, Neurologic / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Lower Extremity* / pathology
  • Lower Extremity* / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Orthotic Devices*

Supplementary concepts

  • Cerebral palsy, spastic, diplegic