Aims: The aim of this study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of dapagliflozin (Forxiga(®)) added to metformin, compared with sulfonylurea (SU) added to metformin, in Nordic Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients inadequately controlled on metformin.
Methods: Data from a 52-week clinical trial comparing dapagliflozin and SU in combination with metformin was used in a Cardiff simulation model to estimate long term diabetes-related complications in a cohort of T2DM patients. Costs and QALYs were calculated from a healthcare provider perspective and estimated over a patient's lifetime.
Results: Compared with metformin+SU, the cost per QALY gained with dapagliflozin+metformin was €7944 in Denmark, €5424 in Finland, €4769 in Norway, and €6093 in Sweden. Metformin+dapagliflozin was associated with QALY gains ranging from 0.236 in Norway to 0.278 in Sweden and incremental cost ranging from €1125 in Norway to €1962 in Denmark. Results were robust across both one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. Results were driven by weight changes associated with each treatment.
Conclusions: Results indicate that metformin+dapagliflozin is associated with gains in QALY compared with metformin+SU in Nordic T2DM patients inadequately controlled on metformin. Dapagliflozin treatment is a cost-effective treatment alternative for Type 2 diabetes in all four Nordic countries.
Keywords: Cost-effectiveness; Dapagliflozin; Economic modeling; Sulfonylurea; Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Copyright © 2014 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.