European consensus on the diagnosis and management of fibromuscular dysplasia

J Hypertens. 2014 Jul;32(7):1367-78. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000000213.


The main objectives of this expert consensus are to raise awareness about fibromuscular dysplasia, which is more frequent and more often systemic than previously thought and can sometimes have devastating consequences; to provide up-to-date recommendations for the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of the disease; and to identify research priorities. The emphasis has been put on recommendations for daily practice. The main topics covered include definition, classification, diagnosis, and management of fibromuscular dysplasia in adult patients with symptomatic involvement of the renal arteries, supra-aortic trunks, and digestive and peripheral arteries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Consensus
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies / etiology
  • Europe
  • Expert Testimony
  • Fibromuscular Dysplasia / complications
  • Fibromuscular Dysplasia / diagnosis*
  • Fibromuscular Dysplasia / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Renovascular / etiology
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / etiology
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / diagnosis
  • Renal Artery Obstruction / etiology
  • Vascular Diseases / congenital
  • Vascular Diseases / etiology
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures

Supplementary concepts

  • Coronary Artery Dissection, Spontaneous