Apical lumen formation is a key step during epithelial morphogenesis of tubular organs. Appropriate transport and targeting of apical proteins to the apical membrane initiation site (AMIS) plays a crucial role in establishing a solitary, central lumen. FIP5, a Rab11-interacting protein, is an important regulator that directs apical endosome trafficking along microtubules toward the AMIS during cytokinesis. However, it is unknown which molecular motor(s) transports FIP5-positive apical endosomes during lumen initiation, and how this process is regulated. In this study, we demonstrate that the interaction of FIP5 with the microtubule motor, Kinesin-2, is required for the movement of FIP5-endosomes and delivery of these endosomes from centrosomes to the cleavage furrow during apical lumen initiation. Loss of Kinesin-2 disrupts targeting of apical proteins to the AMIS and results in multiple lumen formation in MDCK cysts. Our data provide more details to the molecular mechanism of FIP5-dependent apical trafficking during apical lumen formation.
Keywords: AMIS; FIP5; Kinesin-2; apical trafficking; lumen formation; tubulogenesis.