[Clostridium difficile infections: update on new European recommendations]

Rev Med Suisse. 2014 Apr 23;10(427):913-6, 918-9.
[Article in French]


Clostridium difficile infections: update on new European recommandations While metronidazole and vancomycin have been the only drug options to date for the treatment of C. difficile infection, new therapeutic approaches with promising results have recently emerged for the treatment of the first episode and relapses. Fidaxomicin is a new macrocyclic antibiotic more active against C. difficile and with a narrow spectrum allowing preservation of the intestinal microbiota. While having the same efficacy as vancomycin for the treatment of the first episode, this agent is associated with a lower rate of relapse. The highest relapse-free cure rate is achieved through fecal microbiota transplantation, which should be considered for patients with multiple relapses.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Clostridioides difficile
  • Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous / therapy*
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Transplantation


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents