Increased DNA oxidation (8-OHdG) and protein oxidation (AOPP) by low level electromagnetic field (2.45 GHz) in rat brain and protective effect of garlic

Int J Radiat Biol. 2014 Oct;90(10):892-6. doi: 10.3109/09553002.2014.922717. Epub 2014 Jun 25.


Purpose: To investigate the oxidative damage and protective effect of garlic on rats exposed to low level of electromagnetic fields (EMF) at 2.45 GHz Microwave radiation (MWR).

Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Group I was the control group and not exposed to EMF. Group II and III were exposed to low level EMF (3.68 ± 0.36 V/m) at 2.45 GHz MWR for 1 hour/day for 30 consecutive days. Daily 500 mg/kg garlic was given to Group III during the study period. At the end of the study, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were investigated in brain tissue and blood samples.

Results: Exposure to low level of EMF increased 8-OHdG level in both plasma and brain tissue whereas it increased AOPP level only in plasma. Garlic prevented the increase of 8-OHdG level in brain tissue and plasma AOPP levels.

Conclusions: It may be concluded that low level EMF at 2.45 GHz MWR increases the DNA damage in both brain tissues and plasma of the rats whereas it increases protein oxidation only in plasma. It may also be argued that the use of garlic decreases these effects.

Keywords: Antioxidants; E-M fields; oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • Advanced Oxidation Protein Products / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain / radiation effects
  • DNA / metabolism
  • DNA Damage / physiology*
  • Deoxyguanosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Deoxyguanosine / metabolism
  • Electromagnetic Fields
  • Garlic / chemistry*
  • Male
  • Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects
  • Oxidation-Reduction / radiation effects
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation Tolerance / drug effects
  • Radiation-Protective Agents / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances / metabolism*


  • Advanced Oxidation Protein Products
  • Plant Extracts
  • Radiation-Protective Agents
  • Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
  • 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine
  • DNA
  • Deoxyguanosine