The real stroke burden in the Philippines

Int J Stroke. 2014 Jul;9(5):640-1. doi: 10.1111/ijs.12287. Epub 2014 May 20.


Stroke is the Philippines' second leading cause of death. It has a prevalence of 0·9%; ischemic stroke comprises 70% while hemorrhagic stroke comprises 30%. Age-adjusted hypertension prevalence is 20·6%, diabetes 6·0%, dyslipidemia 72·0%, smoking 31%, and obesity 4·9%. The neurologist-to-patient ratio is 1:330·000, with 67% of neurologists practicing in urban centers. Health care is largely private and the cost is borne out-of-pocket by patients and their families. Challenges include delivering adequate support to the rural communities and to the underprivileged sectors.

Keywords: cost factors; developing countries; epidemiology; risk factors; stroke; stroke facilities.

MeSH terms

  • Cost of Illness*
  • Health Care Costs
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Philippines / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Population
  • Stroke / economics*
  • Stroke / epidemiology