Mindfulness intervention for child abuse survivors: a 2.5-year follow-up

J Clin Psychol. 2014 Oct;70(10):933-41. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22102. Epub 2014 May 20.


Objective: The present study reports on the long-term effects of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse.

Method: Of the study participants, 73% returned to the clinic for a single-session follow-up assessment of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and mindfulness at 2.5 years.

Results: Repeated measures mixed regression analyses revealed significant long-term improvements in depression, PTSD, anxiety symptoms, and mindfulness scores. The magnitude of intervention effects at 128 weeks ranged from d = .5 to d = 1.1.

Conclusion: MBSR may be an effective long-term treatment for adults who have experienced childhood sexual abuse. Further investigation of MBSR with this population is warranted given the durability of treatment effects described here.

Keywords: child abuse; long-term follow-up; meditation; mindfulness intervention; posttraumatic stress disorder; sexual abuse.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Awareness / physiology*
  • Child
  • Child Abuse, Sexual / therapy*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / therapy*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy*
  • Survivors / psychology
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome