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, 70 (2 Suppl), S69-79

Health Assessment of Gasoline and Fuel Oxygenate Vapors: Developmental Toxicity in Rats

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Health Assessment of Gasoline and Fuel Oxygenate Vapors: Developmental Toxicity in Rats

Linda G Roberts et al. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol.

Abstract

Gasoline-vapor condensate (BGVC) or condensed vapors from gasoline blended with methyl t-butyl ether (G/MTBE), ethyl t-butyl ether (G/ETBE), t-amyl methyl ether (G/TAME) diisopropyl ether (G/DIPE), ethanol (G/EtOH), or t-butyl alcohol (G/TBA) were evaluated for developmental toxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats exposed via inhalation on gestation days (GD) 5-20 for 6h/day at levels of 0 (control filtered air), 2000, 10,000, and 20,000mg/m(3). These exposure durations and levels substantially exceed typical consumer exposure during refueling (<1-7mg/m(3), 5min). Dose responsive maternal effects were reduced maternal body weight and/or weight change, and/or reduced food consumption. No significant malformations were seen in any study. Developmental effects occurred at 20,000mg/m(3) of G/TAME (reduced fetal body weight, increased incidence of stunted fetuses), G/TBA (reduced fetal body weight, increased skeletal variants) and G/DIPE (reduced fetal weight) resulting in developmental NOAEL of 10,000mg/m(3) for these materials. Developmental NOAELs for other materials were 20,000mg/m(3) as no developmental toxicity was induced in those studies. Developmental NOAELs were equal to or greater than the concurrent maternal NOAELs which ranged from 2000 to 20,000mg/m(3). There were no clear cut differences in developmental toxicity between vapors of gasoline and gasoline blended with the ether or alcohol oxygenates.

Keywords: Developmental toxicity; Diisopropyl ether (DIPE); Ethanol (EtOH); Ethyl t-butyl ether (ETBE); Evaporative emissions; Fuel oxygenates; Gasoline vapor condensates; Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE); t-Amyl methyl ether (TAME); t-Butyl alcohol (TBA).

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