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Review
. 2014 Mar;44(1):48-51.

[Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature]

[Article in Spanish]
  • PMID: 24847630
Review

[Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature]

[Article in Spanish]
Juan Pizzala et al. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam. .

Abstract

Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis features the presence of subserum or submucous cysts with gas in the intestinal wall. Its prevalence is 0.03%, although it has increased in the past decades due to a greater use of colonoscopy in everyday medical practice. Though there are several theories about its origin and many associated diseases were reported, its pathogenesis still remains uncertain. It is generally diagnosed as a finding in an imaging test. The treatment depends on the severity of the associated disease and symptoms. We report the case of a 59-year-old woman, heavy smoker, with no other clinical conditions who took a medical consultation due to abdominal bloating. She underwent a screening colonoscopy which detected the existence of cysts on the colonic wall. Afterwards, a computed tomography was performed and showed apical lung bullae, gas in a colonic wall segment, and ascitis associated to a big anexial tumor. She underwent a cytoreductive surgery, confirming the presence of advanced ovary neoplasm. The endoscopic biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of penumatosis cystoides intestinalis. We report these case because it is a rare entity which requires uncommon management and treatment guidelines.

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