The precise temporal pattern of prehearing spontaneous activity is necessary for tonotopic map refinement

Neuron. 2014 May 21;82(4):822-35. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2014.04.001.


Patterned spontaneous activity is a hallmark of developing sensory systems. In the auditory system, rhythmic bursts of spontaneous activity are generated in cochlear hair cells and propagated along central auditory pathways. The role of these activity patterns in the development of central auditory circuits has remained speculative. Here we demonstrate that blocking efferent cholinergic neurotransmission to developing hair cells in mice that lack the α9 subunit of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α9 KO mice) altered the temporal fine structure of spontaneous activity without changing activity levels. KO mice showed a severe impairment in the functional and structural sharpening of an inhibitory tonotopic map, as evidenced by deficits in synaptic strengthening and silencing of connections and an absence in axonal pruning. These results provide evidence that the precise temporal pattern of spontaneous activity before hearing onset is crucial for the establishment of precise tonotopy, the major organizing principle of central auditory pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / genetics
  • Action Potentials / physiology*
  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Auditory Pathways / growth & development
  • Auditory Pathways / physiology*
  • Biophysics
  • Brain Mapping*
  • Brain Stem / cytology*
  • Brain Stem / growth & development
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Functional Laterality / genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Neural Inhibition / genetics
  • Noise
  • Olivary Nucleus / cytology
  • Olivary Nucleus / growth & development
  • Receptors, Nicotinic / deficiency


  • Chrna9 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, Nicotinic