A new acquisition and imaging system for environmental measurements: an experience on the Italian cultural heritage

Sensors (Basel). 2014 May 23;14(5):9290-312. doi: 10.3390/s140509290.


A new acquisition system for remote control of wall paintings has been realized and tested in the field. The system measures temperature and atmospheric pressure in an archeological site where a fresco has been put under control. The measuring chain has been designed to be used in unfavorable environments where neither electric power nor telecommunication infrastructures are available. The environmental parameters obtained from the local monitoring are then transferred remotely allowing an easier management by experts in the field of conservation of cultural heritage. The local acquisition system uses an electronic card based on microcontrollers and sends the data to a central unit realized with a Raspberry-Pi. The latter manages a high quality camera to pick up pictures of the fresco. Finally, to realize the remote control at a site not reached by internet signals, a WiMAX connection based on different communication technologies such as WiMAX, Ethernet, GPRS and Satellite, has been set up.

MeSH terms

  • Environmental Monitoring / instrumentation*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Humidity*
  • Internet / instrumentation*
  • Paintings*
  • Photography / instrumentation*
  • Remote Sensing Technology / instrumentation*
  • Systems Integration
  • Thermography / instrumentation*
  • Wireless Technology / instrumentation