Banded structures in collagen vitrigels for corneal injury repair

Acta Biomater. 2014 Aug;10(8):3615-9. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.05.010. Epub 2014 May 22.


There is a growing interest in using collagen vitrigels for corneal injury repair. We recently reported the synthesis and thermal denaturation behavior of these gels. In this paper, the banded structure in these vitrified gels is studied by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) one-dimensional (1-D) correlation function analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results demonstrate that the collagen vitrigel possess banded structures similar to those of the starting type I collagen, with an average D-spacing of 64nm (by SAXS) or 57nm (by TEM). A combination of SAXS 1-D correlation function analyses and TEM show that overlap and gap distances ranged from 30 to 33nm and from 23 to 25nm, respectively. Changing the vitrification condition does not impact on the banded structure significantly.

Keywords: Banded structure; Corneal injury repair; D-Spacing; Small-angle X-ray scattering; collagen vitrigel.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomimetic Materials / chemistry*
  • Cattle
  • Collagen / chemistry*
  • Corneal Injuries / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogels / chemistry*
  • Materials Testing
  • Microscopy
  • Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Scattering, Small Angle
  • Tissue Scaffolds*
  • Vitrification
  • X-Ray Diffraction


  • Hydrogels
  • Collagen