Metabolic variation between japonica and indica rice cultivars as revealed by non-targeted metabolomics

Sci Rep. 2014 May 27;4:5067. doi: 10.1038/srep05067.

Abstract

Seed metabolites are critically important both for plant development and human nutrition; however, the natural variation in their levels remains poorly characterized. Here we profiled 121 metabolites in mature seeds of a wide panel Oryza sativa japonica and indica cultivars, revealing correlations between the metabolic phenotype and geographic origin of the rice seeds. Moreover, japonica and indica subspecies differed significantly not only in the relative abundances of metabolites but also in their corresponding metabolic association networks. These findings provide important insights into metabolic adaptation in rice subgroups, bridging the gap between genome and phenome, and facilitating the identification of genetic control of metabolic properties that can serve as a basis for the future improvement of rice quality via metabolic engineering.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Crops, Agricultural
  • Genetic Variation
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Engineering*
  • Metabolomics*
  • Oryza / genetics
  • Oryza / metabolism*
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Seeds / metabolism*